Driving Aptitude Test
The Driving Precision Aptitude Test is an aptitude test that aims to detect any defect by scientifically measuring individual personality and psychological, physiological, and behavioral characteristics associated with TAP (traffic accident proneness). The purpose of the test is to prevent traffic accidents by detecting defects in the driver's aptitude and providing corrective measures and instructions.
Grounds for Implementation
- Mandatory Test: for commercial drivers
- - Related laws: Article 26 of the Act on the Passenger Vehicle Transportation Industry and Article 9 of the Act on the Truck Transportation Industry
- - Major contents: Drivers engaged in the transportation industry are required to meet the qualification requirements such as age and driving career requirements and satisfy the standards of the driving precision aptitude test.
- - Test Classification and Subjects
Ground of Implementation Classification Subjects Initial Test Persons seeking to be employed as a commercial driver for the first time Special Test Among the drivers employed as commercial drivers,
- - anyone who has caused injury whose level is higher than severe
- - anyone whose accumulated scores—which are calculated according to annual administrative measures—are higher than 81 points
- - anyone who is requested to take a test by his/her employer concerning his/her driving safety.
- Voluntary Test
- - Subjects: Workers whose main task is driving
- - Requesting companies: school buses, public agencies (firefighters, EX (Korea Express Corporation), KOGAS (Korea Gas Corporation), (POSCO, etc.), security companies (SECOM, etc.), those on probation (violators of traffic regulations), airports (ASS aviation), military agencies (drivers), etc.
- Test Topics and Descriptions
- Initial Test
Initial Test Factor Test Title Checklist Sensory Motor Factor Speed Prediction Ability to predict the speed of a moving object, level of psychological anxiousness Stop Distance Prediction Control skills to stop the vehicle at a proper point taking account of its acceleration. Ability to estimate spatial distances Attention Ability to shift, distribute and pay attention selectively, Depth Perception Ability to estimate distance in 3-D space Intellectual Factor Cognitive Faculty Visual perception inclination (field dependence or field independence) Perception Style Perceptive fluency, problem-solving ability Personality Factor Personality Individual's unique thinking and behavior style
(mental disease/antisociality/emotional maladjustment)
- Special test
Special test Factor Test Title Checklist Driving Tendency Classification Weakness (visual perception, risk expectation, distribution of attention) Sensory Motor Factor Sensory Motor (simulation driving) Simple response and selective response skills; Ability to pay attention to visual and auditory stimuli; Ability to estimate the speed of a moving object. Intellectual Factor Verbal Faculty Perceptive fluency Reasoning Factor Ability to judge, adapt and react to a situation Perception Style Visual judgment Personality Factor Antisociality Violation, irresponsibility, violence inclination Neuroticism Depression, anxiety, anger, impulse inclination Vision Factor Kinetic Vision Kinetic vision and static vision Night Vision Night vision and darkness adaptability
※ Conduct differentiated tests depending on the weakness of the testee after classifying his/her driving inclination.
- Test procedure
Apply for test
Test with machines
Speed Prediction, Stop Distance Prediction Attention, Distance Perception
ex) Cognitive Faculty
Cognitive Faculty, Perception Style, Personality
ex) Cognitive Faculty
Judge the test
- Test Judgment
- - Initial Test: Each test factor is judged to be either appropriate or inappropriate (passed if all of the test factors receive more than 50 points).
- - Special Test: No judgment is made, but every testee is required to attend a corrective training course after the test.
- Corrective Training
- Corrective Training by Tester
- Subjects: Testee who does not pass the initial test and testees from the special test
- Training contents: Training to correct the defects found during the test
- Corrective training by a transportation company (road safety manager or trainer from the transportation company)
- Subjects: All employees
- Training contents: Operate the corrective training by connecting with a selected training course by defective items.
- Test operation system
- - Corrective Training by Tester
- Initial Test: Mandatory test for commercial drivers
- - Special Test: Test for drivers who have caused one or more accidents with serious consequences such as deathor severe injury
- - Corrective Training: Training to correct the weaknesses discovered during the driving aptitude test
- Test Efficiency
- Traffic Accidents Prevention
- Prediction of traffic accidents: 11.9% (Psychology Institute in Seoul National University 2006.12) Decrease of social costs
- Every year, traffic accident costs (about 112 billion KRW) decrease thanks to the prevention of traffic accidents.
- Based on the results of an internal study conducted by a transportation company (Korean Express Co., Ltd.), annual savings of over 5 billion KRW are realized.
- - Traffic Accidents Prevention